The Mission is: Сlean Space
Mankind has long been the intended to know the universe, launching space shuttles and rockets. We get the information, transmitted to us via satellites, but only few of us know what happens to the fragments of rockets and used satellites? The answer is simple: all this garbage is not burned, as one would expect, but simply is accumulating, drifting in the space.
The European Space Agency (ESA) has put forward the mission, which was called e.DeOrbit and is aimed at helping to clean up the garbage from orbit.
The main target of e.DeOrbit satellites are «retired» satellites and the spaceships that are in polar orbit at an altitude of 800 to 1000 km. The launch into orbit is planned to be made using Vega rocket. The most difficult thing for the machine e.DeOrbit is to capture a subject whose weight, physical condition and the flight path is not known, as well as the time that objects can turn around in outer space. To assess the condition and size of the object, and finally the move it to the Earth’s atmosphere, where it will burn, you need special equipment and image sensors.
To put all potential risks to a minimum, the team is working on a mechanism that will directly «capture» the object. Mechanism based on the so-called «nets» has its advantages: a large network can «catch» both large and small objects. The mechanism of «tentacles» uses the same principle, which is put into the mechanisms of docking and mooring frames can catch the satellites. You can also use the mechanism of «harpoon», which does not require close distance between the objects and can operate independently of its position in space.
Also the mechanisms are considered, based on electric motors and cables to be able to lift garbage into higher orbits.
On May 6, 2015 in the Netherlands will be a symposium which will discuss the mission e.DeOrbit.
We hope that the decision will be positive and it will be the first step on the way to preserve the purity of both the planet and beyond.